Guidance for the Display of Notices to Airmen (NOTAMs) on Information Display Systems

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Authors: Alex Konkel, Ph.D.
Joseph Marshall
George Puzen
Randy Sollenberger, PhD.
Bill Thomas

Konkel, A., Puzen, G., Thomas, B., Marshall, J. & Sollenberger, R (2018). Guidance for the Display of Notices to Airmen (NOTAMs) on Information Display Systems. (DOT/FAA/TC-17/53). William J. Hughes Technical Center, Atlantic City International Airport, NJ.


Notices to Airmen (NOTAMs) are a critical part of safety in the National Airspace System. They ensure that air traffic controllers are aware of temporary or new changes to the airspace that have not yet been published in the standard charts available to controllers and pilots. For example, NOTAMs allow controllers to safely move pilots around temporary flight restriction areas and make sure that they do not attempt to land at a runway undergoing construction. Given the importance of NOTAMs and the constant need for controllers to manage traffic, it is critical that NOTAMs be delivered to controllers in a timely, efficient manner. This document provides a summary of the terminal and en route NOTAM delivery systems, their human factors pros and cons, and guidance as to how to improve the procedures and display systems involved. We also provide suggestions as to how this guidance might and should be implemented in NextGen projects such as the Enterprise Information Display System and Data Communications. Finally, we summarize interviews conducted by the research team with terminal controllers and managers stationed at Philadelphia airport.